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  • HortFlora Research Spectrum
  • HortFlora Research Spectrum
  • HortFlora Research Spectrum
  • HortFlora Research Spectrum
  • HortFlora Research Spectrum
Journal : HortFlora Research Spectrum
Volume : Volume 6, Issue 2: June 2017
Page (s) : 106-109
Date of Publication
Print :
Article Type : Full Length Original Article
Online : 02-Jul-2017
Physico-chemical Changes During Growth, Maturity and Ripening in Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk) cv. Gola and Chhuhara
V.K. Asati*, K. P Singh and A. K. Goswami
*Corresponding Author's E-mail :


A study was conducted to evaluate the physical and chemical changes occurring during the various stages of fruit growth and development of 12-year-old Ber (cv. Gola and Chhuhara) trees. The ber fruit had a growth pattern of double sigmoid type. Fruit size rapidly increased from fruit set to 30th Nov. and comparatively slow from 30th Nov. to 30th Dec., there after it was increased upto 20th March. The fruit size remained unchanged after 20th March. Shape index was higher in initial stage and decreased continuously during the growth. The changes in fruit weight were almost similar to that of fruit length or diameter. The fruit weight increased with the advancement of maturity. The specific gravity of fruit showed a decreasing trend during the early stages and increased continuously until full fruit maturity. Pulp stone ratio was a slow and gradually increased after fruit set, followed by a sharp increase. The total soluble solids were low in early stage and it increased very much during later stages of fruit development. The per cent acidity was gradually increased up to 15th Feb. in cultivar Gola and upto 1st March in Chhuhara, respectively, and it declined thereafter. Ascorbic acid content gradually increased from fruit set to maturity.

Cite this article as:
Asati V.K., Singh K.P. and Goswami A.K. (2017). Physico-chemical changes during growth, maturity and ripening in ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk) cv. Gola and Chhuhara. HortFlora Res. Spectrum, 6(2):106-109.
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